Chapter II - Wehrmacht: Second Assault (August, 1942)

When it became clear that 6th army won’t be able to seize the city, German High Command took decision to reinforce the group of armies attacking Stalingrad. 4th tank army under command of Gen.-colonel Herman von Goth, which opposed soviet troops at the Southern front at Caucasus, was assigned to the group of armies "B" by the end of July. Already by mid-July, its vanguard forces advanced to Don in the Tsymlianskaya-Konstantinovskaya region. This army was formed of 48th tank corps. (14th tank and 29th motorized divisions), 4th German army corps. (94th ad 371st infantry divisions) and 6th Romanian corps.

Still planning to seize Stalingrad promptly by crushing city defense with von Goth’s iron fist, German High Command decided to assign some the of the 6th army forces to other armies or moved them to reserve. Thus, the 6th army by command of Gen. Paulus was decreased in size to 14 divisions. However, with the considerable force of 4th tank army commanded by von Goth, German troops greatly outnumbered Soviet forces that formed Stalingrad front at that period of time. In mid-July 1942 Germany had at Stalingrad around 270 thousand of soldiers and officers, 3 thousand cannons and mortars and 500 tanks. Ground forces were supported by 1200 airplanes of the 8th Air fleet. Soviet forces could resist Germans with only 160 thousand soldiers, 2200 cannons and mortars, 400 tanks and 454 airplanes.

On July 31, 4th tank army assumed the offensive along railway Tikhoretsk-Kotelnikovo, advancing to Stalingrad from the South. In the second half of August, Germans made another effort to seize Stalingrad by linking up Goth’s tank army, which was advancing from south-west, with 6th army led by Paulus, who was attacking from north-west. As a result of this assault, Germans managed to breach soviet defense, and battle of Stalingrad moved closer to the city streets.

Forces engaged in combat during the period shown in "Stalingrad"::

Wehrmacht (4th tank army):

14th tank division (under command of Gen.-Lieutenant Ferdinand Heim):

36th tank regiment ;

103th tank regiment;

108th tank regiment;

64th motorized battalion;

4th anti-tank battalion;

4th artillery regiment;

6th Romanian corps.

Red Army (Stalingrad front):

51st Army* (Gen.-Major Kolomiets);

64th Army (Gen.-Major Shumilov);

38th infantry division;

126th infantry division;

204th infantry division;

13th tank brigade;

133th tank brigade;

254th tank brigade;

Regiments formed of cadets**.

51th Army was assigned to the Stalingrad front on July 31, 1942. Before that, it was under command of North Caucasus front and suffered major losses in battles with advancing Germans. It consisted of 5 bled white divisions and totaled no more than 3000 people. *64th army was reinforced with cadet regiments: Krasnodarsky, 1st and 3rd Ordzhonikidzevsky.